The AMF Distribution in India - A Checklist

Acaulospora laevis Gerd. & Trappe (1974)

Acaulospora laevis is reported from 10 state(s) of India namely Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Goa, Jammu & Kashmir, Meghalaya, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Uttarakhand*, Rajasthan and Maharashtra, GPS location for which is shown in map. Data can also be searched by location by clicking distribution map in menu checklist. A conclusion about their occurrence has been drawn on basis of culture based studies (bibliography given below). Availability of live culture of Acaulospora laevis can be checked at Centre for Mycorrhizal Culture Collection (CMCC, TERI). Original description of Acaulospora laevis is available at www.amf-phylogeny.com.
Taxonomically reliable and clean sequences spanning small subunit (SSU) rRNA, Internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and large subunit rRNA region isolated from live cultures of AM fungal spores of Acaulospora laevis can be downloaded from genbank accession number (KM078598.1, FN547509.2, FN547516.1, FN547512.1, FN547511.1, FN547510.1, FN547508.1, FN547507.1, FM876787.1, FM876785.1, FM876784.1, FM876783.1, FM876782.1, FM876781.1 and FM876780.1). Maximum likelihood phylogenetic tree based on nuclear small subunit SSU, 5.8 ITS, LSU rRNA strict consensus sequences (>1000 bp) of the Indian Glomeromycota and other fungal lineages was used for inferring phylogeny. One representative each from Chytridiomycota, Zygomycota, Ascomycota and basidiomycota was used as circles depict bootstrap values (60-100%). Branches with < 60% bootstrap support were collapsed to polytomies. The scale bar indicates the number of substitutions per site. Interactive tree of life (itol, http://itol.embl.de/) was used for drawing the tree presented here. Phylogenetic data can also be searched for by clicking phylogenetic map in menu checklist. Sequences marked with * indicate sequences obtained in the present study.
Racocetra weresubiae |FR750135.1|Glomus aggregatum |JF439190.1|Glomus diaphanum gi|254212331|gb|GQ205069.1|Ambispora gerdemannii |JF439210.1|Gigaspora albida gi|3493495|gb|AF004706.1|Acaulospora koskei |KP191473.1|Glomus hoi |JF439205.1|Septoglomus constrictum gi|344165624|gb|JF439180.1|Acaulospora spinosa |FR750152.1|Glomus macrocarpum |FR750536.1|Corymbiglomus tortuosum gi|344165538|gb|JF439094.1|Claroideoglomus claroideum |FR750061.1|Archaeospora trappei |FR750036.1|Glomus dimorphicum gi|675879476|gb|KJ934791.1|Sclerocystis sinuosa gi|23343531|emb|AJ437106.1|Glomus clarum gi|254212343|gb|GQ205081.1|Mucor racemosus Zygomycota gi|731445967|gb|KP132477.1|Gigaspora rosea |FN547572.1|Gigaspora decipiens gi|6093128|emb|AJ239119.1|Funneliformis caledonium gi|254212353|gb|GQ205091.1|Redeckera fulva |AM418548.1|Acaulospora alpina |FR681927.1|Dentiscutata heterogama |FR750161.1|Ambispora leptoticha |FJ769322.1|Scutellospora cerradensis gi|10119897|dbj|AB048690.1|Chytridium lagenaria chytridiomycota gi|269997005|gb|FJ822972.1|Acaulospora morrowiae gi|210971824|emb|AM905249.1|Acaulospora mellea |JF439092.1|Acaulospora laevis |FN547516.1|Cryptococcus neoforman basidiomycota gi|731445675|gb|KP132185.1|Diversispora epigaea gi|342298395|emb|FR686939.1|Pacispora scintillans |FM876832.1|Funneliformis mosseae |KF836909.1|Rhizophagus fasciculatus gi|1262790|Acaulospora delicata |JF439093.1|Entrophospora infrequens gi|339740130|gb|JN194173.1|Glomus heterosporum gi|33772389|gb|AY285871.1|Racocetra fulgida |FR750148.1|Archaeospora schenckii |FR750021.1|Gigaspora margarita gi|5918914|gb|AF162470.1|Paraglomus laccatum |FR750083.1|Morchella elata Ascomycota gi|291292617|gb|GQ249378.1|Acaulospora scrobiculata |FR692351.1|Scutellospora calospora |JF439140.1|Glomus invermaium |HG969392.1|Geosiphon pyriformis gi|410441165|emb|FM876843.3|
Phylum : Glomeromycota
Class   : Glomeromycetes
Order    : Diversisporales
Family   : Acaulosporaceae
Genus   :Acaulospora
Species :laevis
*Indicates data of present project
References:
References:
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  2. Deotare PW, Wankhede TB (2010) Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal diversity and distribution around natural salt lake of Lonar, Maharashtra, India. Mycorrhizal News 21:9
  3. Selwin E, Albert R, Sathianesan MS (2009) Studies on The Status of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi on The Fodder Crop Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench. Tropical Life Sciences Research 20:99–109
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  7. Charles P, Kiruba S, Pinky VR, Stalin SI, Laila Banu NR (2008) Studies on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on Maranta arundinacea L. and associated plants in different soils of Kanyakumari district. Mycorrhizal News 19: 20
  8. Khamar Jahan MD, Bavaji M, Sreeramulu A (2012) Occurrence of am fungi in rhizosphere soils of endemic and endangered medicinal plants. Indian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Life Sciences 2:276-280
  9. Chaturvedi S, Tewari V, Sharma S, Prakash A, Sharma AK (2012) Diversity of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi in Oak-Pine Forests and Agricultural Land Prevalent in the Kumaon Himalayan Hills Uttarakhand India. British Microbiology Research Journal 2: 82-96
  10. Lakshmipathy R, Balakrishna AN, Bagyaraj DJ (2012) Abundance and Diversity of AM Fungi across a Gradient of Land Use Intensity and Their Seasonal Variations in Niligiri Biosphere of the Western Ghats, India. J Agr Sci Tech 14: 903-918