The AMF Distribution in India - A Checklist

Acaulospora mellea Spain & N.C. Schenck (1984)

Acaulospora mellea is reported from 8 state(s) of India namely Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Karnataka, Meghalaya, Madhya Pradesh, Assam, Kerala and Uttarakhand*, GPS location for which is shown in map. Data can also be searched by location by clicking distribution map in menu checklist. A conclusion about their occurrence has been drawn on basis of culture based studies (bibliography given below). Availability of live culture of Acaulospora mellea can be checked at Centre for Mycorrhizal Culture Collection (CMCC, TERI). Original description of Acaulospora mellea is available at www.amf-phylogeny.com.
Taxonomically reliable and clean sequences spanning small subunit (SSU) rRNA, Internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and large subunit rRNA region isolated from live cultures of AM fungal spores of Acaulospora mellea can be downloaded from genbank accession number (JF439091.1, JF439090.1 and JF439089.1). Maximum likelihood phylogenetic tree based on nuclear small subunit SSU, 5.8 ITS, LSU rRNA strict consensus sequences (>1000 bp) of the Indian Glomeromycota and other fungal lineages was used for inferring phylogeny. One representative each from Chytridiomycota, Zygomycota, Ascomycota and basidiomycota was used as circles depict bootstrap values (60-100%). Branches with < 60% bootstrap support were collapsed to polytomies. The scale bar indicates the number of substitutions per site. Interactive tree of life (itol, http://itol.embl.de/) was used for drawing the tree presented here. Phylogenetic data can also be searched for by clicking phylogenetic map in menu checklist. Sequences marked with * indicate sequences obtained in the present study.
Racocetra weresubiae |FR750135.1|Glomus aggregatum |JF439190.1|Glomus diaphanum gi|254212331|gb|GQ205069.1|Ambispora gerdemannii |JF439210.1|Gigaspora albida gi|3493495|gb|AF004706.1|Acaulospora koskei |KP191473.1|Glomus hoi |JF439205.1|Septoglomus constrictum gi|344165624|gb|JF439180.1|Acaulospora spinosa |FR750152.1|Glomus macrocarpum |FR750536.1|Corymbiglomus tortuosum gi|344165538|gb|JF439094.1|Claroideoglomus claroideum |FR750061.1|Archaeospora trappei |FR750036.1|Glomus dimorphicum gi|675879476|gb|KJ934791.1|Sclerocystis sinuosa gi|23343531|emb|AJ437106.1|Glomus clarum gi|254212343|gb|GQ205081.1|Mucor racemosus Zygomycota gi|731445967|gb|KP132477.1|Gigaspora rosea |FN547572.1|Gigaspora decipiens gi|6093128|emb|AJ239119.1|Funneliformis caledonium gi|254212353|gb|GQ205091.1|Redeckera fulva |AM418548.1|Acaulospora alpina |FR681927.1|Dentiscutata heterogama |FR750161.1|Ambispora leptoticha |FJ769322.1|Scutellospora cerradensis gi|10119897|dbj|AB048690.1|Chytridium lagenaria chytridiomycota gi|269997005|gb|FJ822972.1|Acaulospora morrowiae gi|210971824|emb|AM905249.1|Acaulospora mellea |JF439092.1|Acaulospora laevis |FN547516.1|Cryptococcus neoforman basidiomycota gi|731445675|gb|KP132185.1|Diversispora epigaea gi|342298395|emb|FR686939.1|Pacispora scintillans |FM876832.1|Funneliformis mosseae |KF836909.1|Rhizophagus fasciculatus gi|1262790|Acaulospora delicata |JF439093.1|Entrophospora infrequens gi|339740130|gb|JN194173.1|Glomus heterosporum gi|33772389|gb|AY285871.1|Racocetra fulgida |FR750148.1|Archaeospora schenckii |FR750021.1|Gigaspora margarita gi|5918914|gb|AF162470.1|Paraglomus laccatum |FR750083.1|Morchella elata Ascomycota gi|291292617|gb|GQ249378.1|Acaulospora scrobiculata |FR692351.1|Scutellospora calospora |JF439140.1|Glomus invermaium |HG969392.1|Geosiphon pyriformis gi|410441165|emb|FM876843.3|
Phylum : Glomeromycota
Class   : Glomeromycetes
Order    : Diversisporales
Family   : Acaulosporaceae
Genus   :Acaulospora
Species :mellea
*Indicates data of present project
References:
References:
  1. Dessai SA and Rodrigues BF (2012) Diversity studies on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in vegetable crop plants of Goa, India. Plant Pathology & Quarantine 2: 87-101
  2. Rajkumar HG, Seema HS, Sunil Kumar CP (2012) Diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi associated with some medicinal plants in Western Ghats of Karnataka region India. World Journal of Science and Technology 2:13-20
  3. Songachan LS, Kayang H (2011) Diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in pine forest of Meghalaya, North East India. Mycosphere 2:497-505
  4. Jha A, Kumar A, Kamalvanshi M, Shukla,A (2011) Occurrence of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in rhizosphere ofselected agroforestry tree species of Bundelkhand region. Indian Phytopath 64 : 186-188
  5. Sharmah D, JHA DK (2011) Diversity of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi in Disturbed and Undisturbed Forests of Karbi Anglong Hill District of Assam. Current World Environment 6:253-258
  6. Baiju EC, Chandrashekara UM, Sankaran KV (2012) Impact of landuse transformation on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal diversity in the Kerala part of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. India. Journal of Research in Biology 2: 448-459
  7. Chaturvedi S, Tewari V, Sharma S, Prakash A, Sharma AK (2012) Diversity of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi in Oak-Pine Forests and Agricultural Land Prevalent in the Kumaon Himalayan Hills Uttarakhand India. British Microbiology Research Journal 2: 82-96
  8. Hindumathi A, Reddy BN (2011) Occurrence and distribution of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and microbial flora in the rhizosphere soils of mungbean [ vigna radiate (L.) wilczek] and soybean [glycine max (L.) Merr.] from Adilabad, Nizamabad and Karimnagar districts of Andhra Pradesh state, India. Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology 2: 275-286