The AMF Distribution in India - A Checklist

Glomus aggregatum N.C. Schenck & G.S. Sm. (1982)

Glomus aggregatum is reported from 11 state(s) of India namely Bihar, Goa, Kerala, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Uttarakhand*, GPS location for which is shown in map. Data can also be searched by location by clicking distribution map in menu checklist. A conclusion about their occurrence has been drawn on basis of culture based studies (bibliography given below). Availability of live culture of Glomus aggregatum can be checked at Centre for Mycorrhizal Culture Collection (CMCC, TERI). Original description of Glomus aggregatum is available at www.amf-phylogeny.com.
Taxonomically reliable and clean sequences spanning small subunit (SSU) rRNA, Internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and large subunit rRNA region isolated from live cultures of AM fungal spores of Glomus aggregatum can be downloaded from genbank accession number (GQ205063.1 and GQ205062.1). Maximum likelihood phylogenetic tree based on nuclear small subunit SSU, 5.8 ITS, LSU rRNA strict consensus sequences (>1000 bp) of the Indian Glomeromycota and other fungal lineages was used for inferring phylogeny. One representative each from Chytridiomycota, Zygomycota, Ascomycota and basidiomycota was used as circles depict bootstrap values (60-100%). Branches with < 60% bootstrap support were collapsed to polytomies. The scale bar indicates the number of substitutions per site. Interactive tree of life (itol, http://itol.embl.de/) was used for drawing the tree presented here. Phylogenetic data can also be searched for by clicking phylogenetic map in menu checklist. Sequences marked with * indicate sequences obtained in the present study.
Racocetra weresubiae |FR750135.1|Glomus aggregatum |JF439190.1|Glomus diaphanum gi|254212331|gb|GQ205069.1|Ambispora gerdemannii |JF439210.1|Gigaspora albida gi|3493495|gb|AF004706.1|Acaulospora koskei |KP191473.1|Glomus hoi |JF439205.1|Septoglomus constrictum gi|344165624|gb|JF439180.1|Acaulospora spinosa |FR750152.1|Glomus macrocarpum |FR750536.1|Corymbiglomus tortuosum gi|344165538|gb|JF439094.1|Claroideoglomus claroideum |FR750061.1|Archaeospora trappei |FR750036.1|Glomus dimorphicum gi|675879476|gb|KJ934791.1|Sclerocystis sinuosa gi|23343531|emb|AJ437106.1|Glomus clarum gi|254212343|gb|GQ205081.1|Mucor racemosus Zygomycota gi|731445967|gb|KP132477.1|Gigaspora rosea |FN547572.1|Gigaspora decipiens gi|6093128|emb|AJ239119.1|Funneliformis caledonium gi|254212353|gb|GQ205091.1|Redeckera fulva |AM418548.1|Acaulospora alpina |FR681927.1|Dentiscutata heterogama |FR750161.1|Ambispora leptoticha |FJ769322.1|Scutellospora cerradensis gi|10119897|dbj|AB048690.1|Chytridium lagenaria chytridiomycota gi|269997005|gb|FJ822972.1|Acaulospora morrowiae gi|210971824|emb|AM905249.1|Acaulospora mellea |JF439092.1|Acaulospora laevis |FN547516.1|Cryptococcus neoforman basidiomycota gi|731445675|gb|KP132185.1|Diversispora epigaea gi|342298395|emb|FR686939.1|Pacispora scintillans |FM876832.1|Funneliformis mosseae |KF836909.1|Rhizophagus fasciculatus gi|1262790|Acaulospora delicata |JF439093.1|Entrophospora infrequens gi|339740130|gb|JN194173.1|Glomus heterosporum gi|33772389|gb|AY285871.1|Racocetra fulgida |FR750148.1|Archaeospora schenckii |FR750021.1|Gigaspora margarita gi|5918914|gb|AF162470.1|Paraglomus laccatum |FR750083.1|Morchella elata Ascomycota gi|291292617|gb|GQ249378.1|Acaulospora scrobiculata |FR692351.1|Scutellospora calospora |JF439140.1|Glomus invermaium |HG969392.1|Geosiphon pyriformis gi|410441165|emb|FM876843.3|
Phylum : Glomeromycota
Class   : Glomeromycetes
Order    : Glomerales
Family   : Glomeraceae
Genus   :Glomus
Species :aggregatum
*Indicates data of present project
References:
References:
  1. D’Souza J, Rodrigues BF (2013) Seasonal Diversity of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi in Mangroves of Goa, India. International Journal of Biodiversity 2013,1-7
  2. Baiju EC, Chandrashekara UM, Sankaran KV (2012) Impact of landuse transformation on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal diversity in the Kerala part of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. India. Journal of Research in Biology 2: 448-459
  3. Fitter AH (2005) Darkness visible: reflections on underground ecology. J Ecol 93:231–243 Ghosh S, Verma NK (2011) Impact of rhizospheric conditions on AM diversity, succession, and colonization in two plantations of Acacia auriculiformis and Eucalyptus tereticornis. Mycorrhizal News 22:5
  4. Renuka G, Rao MS, Ramesh M, Praveen Kumar V, Ram Reddy S (2012) Distribution and Diversity of AM Fungal Flora in Godavari Belt Forests, Andhra Pradesh, India. Asian J Expl Biol Sci 3: 228 - 235
  5. Jha A, Kumar A, Kamalvanshi M, Shukla,A (2011) Occurrence of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in rhizosphere ofselected agroforestry tree species of Bundelkhand region. Indian Phytopath 64 : 186-188
  6. Prasad K, Meghavansi MK, Khan AA (2011) Incidence of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) in tree species in arid zones of Ajmer region of Rajasthan. Mycorrhizal News 22:12
  7. Deotare PW, Wankhede TB (2010) Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal diversity and distribution around natural salt lake of Lonar, Maharashtra, India. Mycorrhizal News 21:9
  8. Nisha MC, Subramaniam MS, Rajeshkumar S (2010) Diversity of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Associated with Plants having Tubers from Anaimalai Hills. College Sadhna 2:104-107
  9. Lakshmipathy R, Balakrishna AN, Bagyaraj DJ (2012) Abundance and Diversity of AM Fungi across a Gradient of Land Use Intensity and Their Seasonal Variations in Niligiri Biosphere of the Western Ghats, India. J Agr Sci Tech 14: 903-918
  10. Bhaskar Chaurasiaa, Anita Pandeya,,Lok Man S. Palnib (2005) Distribution, colonization and diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi associated with central Himalayan rhododendrons. Forest Ecology and Management 207:315-324
  11. Prasad K (2005) Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal occurrence in non-cultivated disturbed and non-fertile land of Bettiahraj Bettiah Bihar. Mycorrhizal News16:12